The Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance


Auteurs : Ericsson, Karl Anders (Direction)

Lieu de publication : Cambridge

Éditeur : Cambridge University Press

Collection : MyiLibrary

Date de publication : 2006

ISBN : 9786610567614

Langue : Anglais

Description : xv, 901 p. : ill. ; 27 cm.

Sujets :
Performance - Aspect psychologique
Rendement au travail - Aspect psychologique
Performance sportive
Cognition - Aspect physiologique
Apprentissage moteur

Dépouillement du document :
Part I. Introduction and Perspective:
1. An introduction to Cambridge handbook of expertise and expert performance: its development, organization, and content
2. Two approaches to the study of experts' characteristics
3. Expertise, talent, and social encouragement

Part II. Overview of Approaches to the Study of Expertise - Brief Historical Accounts of Theories and Methods:
4. Studies of expertise from psychological perspectives
5. Overview of approaches to the study of expertise: brief historical accounts of theories and methods
6. Expert systems: a perspective from computer science
7. Professionalization, scientific expertise, and elitism - a sociological perspective

Part III. Methods for Studying the Structure of Expertise:
8. Observation of work practices in natural settings
9. Methods for studying the structure of expertise: psychometric approaches
10. Methods to assess the representations of experts' and novices' knowledge
11. Task analysis
12. Eliciting and representing the knowledge of experts
13. Protocol analysis and expert thought: concurrent verbalizations of thinking during experts' performance on representative tasks
14. Simulation for performance and training

Part IV. Methods for Studying the Acquisition and Maintenance of Expertise: 15. Laboratory studies of training, skill acquisition, and retention of performance
16. Retrospective interviews in the study of expertise and expert performance
17. Time budgets, diaries and analyses of concurrent practice activities
18. Historiometric methods

Part V. Domains of Expertise:
A. Professional Domains:
19. Expertise in medicine and surgery
20. Expertise and transportation
21. Expertise in software design
22. Professional writing expertise
23. Professional judgments and 'naturalistic decision making'
24. Decision making expertise
25. The making of a dream team: when expert teams do best

Arts, Sports and Motor Skills:
26. Music
27. Expert performance in sport: a cognitive perspective
28. Artistic performance: acting, ballet, and contemporary dance
29. Perceptual-motor expertise

C. Games and Other Types of Expertise:
30. Expertise in chess
31. Exceptional memory
32. Mathematical expertise
33. Expertise in history

Part VI. Generalizable Mechanisms Mediating Expertise and General Issues:
34. A merging theory of expertise and intelligence
35. Tacit knowledge, practical intelligence and expertise
36. Situational awareness
37. Brain changes in the development of expertise: neuroanatomical and neurophysiological evidence about skill-based adaptations
38. The influence of experience and deliberate practice on the development of superior expert performance
39. Development and Adaptation of expertise: the role of self-regulatory processes and beliefs
40. Aging and expertise
41. Social and sociological factors in the development of expertise
42. Expertise and creativity.

Résumé :
This 2006 book was the first handbook where the world's foremost 'experts on expertise' reviewed our scientific knowledge on expertise and expert performance and how experts may differ from non-experts in terms of their development, training, reasoning, knowledge, social support, and innate talent. Methods are described for the study of experts' knowledge and their performance of representative tasks from their domain of expertise. The development of expertise is also studied by retrospective interviews and the daily lives of experts are studied with diaries. In 15 major domains of expertise, the leading researchers summarize our knowledge on the structure and acquisition of expert skill and knowledge and discuss future prospects. General issues that cut across most domains are reviewed in chapters on various aspects of expertise such as general and practical intelligence, differences in brain activity, self-regulated learning, deliberate practice, aging, knowledge management, and creativity. [editor summary]

Collection : Bibliothèque de l'École nationale de cirque

Localisation : Référence

Cote : 153.901 5 E686c 2006

  • Ex. 1 — disponible


Sur le même sujet



Mes sélections


Gerer mes sélections