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y Histoire des arts du cirque - Océanie
     

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MEMOIRES ET THESES

Empire of culture : U.S. entertainers and the making of the Pacific circuit, 1850-1890

Wittmann, Matthew ; Cook, James W.
Ann Arbor : The University of Michigan - Philosophy, 2010

During the mid-nineteenth century, the ongoing development of a robust and expansive U.S. culture industry dovetailed with the emergence of a recognizable Pacific world shaped by the integrative forces of colonialism and capitalism. In the wake of the California Gold Rush, these seemingly disparate developments intersected as U.S. entertainers flocked to San Francisco and began to tour around the Pacific, giving birth to a vibrant entertainment circuit that fomented interactions and mediated exchanges between the United States and the diverse peoples and cultures of the Pacific world. This dissertation is a transnational cultural history of this Pacific circuit that focuses on the experiences of the U.S. entertainers that moved through it and their reciprocal interactions with the people and places that they encountered along the way. While the Pacific circuit generated a range of responses and served a variety of ends, within its capacious framework I seek to develop three broad and related themes. The first centers on the workings and transnational trajectory of the U.S. culture industry, which ensured that U.S. entertainers assumed a prominent and profitable position on the developing circuit. The second theme looks at how the performances of U.S. entertainers in transnational contexts were dynamic interactions imbued with cross-cultural meaning and long-term impacts. Lastly, the dissertation explores the complex relationship between the evolving Pacific circuit and an expanding U.S. empire. The analysis proceeds from the first circuses and minstrel troupes that embarked on transpacific tours in the early 1850s through the emergence of an increasingly integrated and expansive entertainment circuit in the 1870s. Noteworthy figures covered include General Tom Thumb, Harry Kellar, James Bailey, and the Georgia Minstrels, amongst many others. The Pacific circuit linked together an ever-increasing and shifting set of cultural markets and while Australia was the most significant, U.S. entertainers also visited Hawai’i, New Zealand, Japan, and major colonial ports like Singapore, Hong Kong, and Batavia. Ultimately, this study of the making of the Pacific circuit, and the entertainers that enlivened it, argues that the U.S. culture industry fabricated an “Empire of Culture” in the nineteenth-century Pacific world. [author sumamry]
During the mid-nineteenth century, the ongoing development of a robust and expansive U.S. culture industry dovetailed with the emergence of a recognizable Pacific world shaped by the integrative forces of colonialism and capitalism. In the wake of the California Gold Rush, these seemingly disparate developments intersected as U.S. entertainers flocked to San Francisco and began to tour around the Pacific, giving birth to a vibrant entertainment ...


Cote : 790.209 73 W8325e 2010

  • Ex. 1 — disponible
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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

Novel routes : circus in the Pacific, 1841-1941

St-Leon, Mark
Popular Entertainment Studies, vol.5 n° 2, p. 24-47, 2014

Through their promotion of Christianity, capitalism and the nation state, the entry of the Europeans into the Pacific altered, irrevocably, the character and development of Island societies. While the literature gives ample coverage to European explorers, missionaries, beachcombers, whalers and settlers, limited attention has been given to professional entertainers. A broad mix of entertainers - circus troupes at first, followed by theatrical, marionette, musical, variety and other ‘thespians - began to cross the Pacific from the mid-19th century. For some of these entertainers, the Pacific was merely a seaway by which to reach distant lands; for others, the Pacific offered its own attractions to be explored and exploited. This article considers the negotiation of the Pacific by one specific category of entertainers - circus - in the century from 1841 to 1941. Developed out of the author’s presentation at the conference, Another World of Popular Entertainments, at the University of Newcastle, in June 2013, this article is intended to encourage deeper research into the delivery of popular entertainments across, around and within the Pacific. Dr Mark St Leon is a Sydney-based sessional university lecturer. He is the author of Circus: The Australian Story (Melbourne Books, 2011) and the doctoral thesis Circus & Nation (University of Sydney, 2007). [editor summary]
Through their promotion of Christianity, capitalism and the nation state, the entry of the Europeans into the Pacific altered, irrevocably, the character and development of Island societies. While the literature gives ample coverage to European explorers, missionaries, beachcombers, whalers and settlers, limited attention has been given to professional entertainers. A broad mix of entertainers - circus troupes at first, followed by theatrical, ...


Cote : 791.309 94 S862n 2014

  • Ex. 1 — Consultation sur place
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