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LIVRES

The semiotics of clowns and clowning : ritual of transgression and the theory of laughter

Bouissac, Paul
New York : Bloomsbury, 2015

During the last 300 years circus clowns have emerged as powerful cultural icons. This is the first semiotic analysis of the range of make-up and costumes through which the clowns' performing identities have been established and go on developing. It also examines what Bouissac terms 'micronarratives' - narrative meanings that clowns generate through their acts, dialogues and gestures.

Putting a repertory of clown performances under the semiotic microscope leads to the conclusion that the performances are all interconnected and come from what might be termed a 'mythical matrix'. These micronarratives replicate in context-sensitive forms a master narrative whose general theme refers to the emergence of cultures and constraints that they place upon instinctual behaviour.

From this vantage point, each performance can be considered as a ritual which re-enacts the primitive violence inherent in all cultures and the temporary resolutions which must be negotiated as the outcome. Why do these acts of transgression and re-integration then trigger laughter and wonder? What kind of mirror does this put up to society? In a masterful semiotic analysis, Bouissac delves into decades of research to answer these questions. [editor summary]
During the last 300 years circus clowns have emerged as powerful cultural icons. This is the first semiotic analysis of the range of make-up and costumes through which the clowns' performing identities have been established and go on developing. It also examines what Bouissac terms 'micronarratives' - narrative meanings that clowns generate through their acts, dialogues and gestures.

Putting a repertory of clown performances under the semiotic ...


Cote : 791.330 1 B762s 2015

  • Ex. 1 — disponible
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LIVRES

The other within : the genius of deformity in myth, culture & psyche

Deardorff, Daniel
Berkeley, CA : North Atlantic Books, 2008

Daniel Deardorff knows otherness firsthand. This highly regarded “singer” in the old sense of that word—musician, storyteller, maker of ritual—had polio as an infant and has used a wheelchair most of his life, giving him a lived perspective that deeply informs his views on this subject. In The Other Within, Deardorff starts with a radical notion: to disclose the blessings of outsiderhood, the many gifts and insights contributed to culture by the marginalized and outcast. Unlike studies that stress the plight of the outsider, this one asserts that to be cast down and out of the consensus-worldview affords a difficult yet significant opportunity: to encounter oneself, not as defined by society but as one actually is. An eloquent spokesman for “the man or woman on the weird road,” Deardorff presents dozens of powerful examples from myth and literature to illustrate his message in a richly allusive, complex series of essays. Drawing on the work of mythologians, poets, psychologists, and scholars, The Other Within takes readers on an initiatory journey, uncovering the roots of human identity and imagination and offering insights–including “trickster wisdom”—revealing the mythic underpinnings of everyday life. [editor summary]
Daniel Deardorff knows otherness firsthand. This highly regarded “singer” in the old sense of that word—musician, storyteller, maker of ritual—had polio as an infant and has used a wheelchair most of his life, giving him a lived perspective that deeply informs his views on this subject. In The Other Within, Deardorff starts with a radical notion: to disclose the blessings of outsiderhood, the many gifts and insights contributed to culture by the ...


Cote : 398.27 D2853o 2008

  • Ex. 1 — emprunté jusqu'au 2020-01-27
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NUMEROS DE REVUES

Les cahiers de l'idiotie n°3 : Le clown : une utopie pour notre temps?

[Ottawa] : Les Cahiers de l'idiotie, 2010

Le clown contemporain sort du milieu traditionnel du cirque pour investir d’autres lieux du social (école, hôpital, camps de réfugiés, etc.). Dans tous ces milieux, le clown comme figure friponne défie notre vision du monde et nous invite à renouveler nos manières de concevoir l’identité, la prise en charge et l’accompagnement des individus. En se donnant pour fonction d'échapper à toute catégorisation, le clown ne répond pas à ce qu’on attend de lui, vit dans l’imprévu et secoue tout ce qui s’enkyste ou s’engourdit. Cet être fondamentalement libre et engagé, profond et léger traduirait une posture existentielle particulière : celle du funambule en équilibre entre les contraires. La pensée peut-elle accepter de marcher avec lui en renonçant à l’espoir de le cerner? [résumé de l'éditeur]
Le clown contemporain sort du milieu traditionnel du cirque pour investir d’autres lieux du social (école, hôpital, camps de réfugiés, etc.). Dans tous ces milieux, le clown comme figure friponne défie notre vision du monde et nous invite à renouveler nos manières de concevoir l’identité, la prise en charge et l’accompagnement des individus. En se donnant pour fonction d'échapper à toute catégorisation, le clown ne répond pas à ce qu’on attend ...


Cote : 791.330 1 V785c 2010

  • Ex. 1 — disponible
  • Ex. 2 — disponible
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