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LIVRES

Circus life : performing and laboring under America's big top shows, 1830-1920

Childress, Micah D.
Knoxville, Tennessee : University of Tennessee Press, 2018

The nineteenth century saw the American circus move from a reviled and rejected form of entertainment to the “Greatest Show on Earth.” Circus Life by Micah D. Childress looks at this transition from the perspective of the people who owned and worked in circuses and how they responded to the new incentives that rapid industrialization made possible.
The circus has long been a subject of fascination for many, as evidenced by the millions of Americans that have attended circus performances over many decades since 1870, when the circus established itself as a truly unique entertainment enterprise. Yet the few analyses of the circus that do exist have only examined the circus as its own closed microcosm—the “circus family.” Circus Life, on the other hand, places circus employees in the larger context of the history of US workers and corporate America. Focusing on the circus as a business-entertainment venture, Childress pushes the scholarship on circuses to new depths, examining the performers, managers, and laborers’ lives and how the circus evolved as it grew in popularity over time. Beginning with circuses in the antebellum era, Childress examines changes in circuses as gender balances shifted, industrialization influenced the nature of shows, and customers and crowds became increasingly more middle-class.
As a study in sport and social history, Childress’s account demonstrates how the itinerant nature of the circus drew specific types of workers and performers, and how the circus was internally in constant upheaval due to the changing profile of its patrons and a changing economy. [editor summary]
The nineteenth century saw the American circus move from a reviled and rejected form of entertainment to the “Greatest Show on Earth.” Circus Life by Micah D. Childress looks at this transition from the perspective of the people who owned and worked in circuses and how they responded to the new incentives that rapid industrialization made possible.
The circus has long been a subject of fascination for many, as evidenced by the millions of ...


Cote : 791.309 73 C5369c 2018

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LIVRES

The Routledge circus studies reader

Tait, Peta ; Lavers, Katie
New York : Routledge , 2016

The Routledge Circus Studies Reader offers an absorbing critical introduction to this diverse and emerging field. It brings together the work of over 30 scholars in this discipline, including Janet Davis, Helen Stoddart and Peta Tait, to highlight and address the field’s key historical, critical and theoretical issues. It is organised into three accessible sections, Perspectives, Precedents and Presents, which approach historical aspects, current issues, and the future of circus performance.

The chapters, grouped together into 13 theme-based sub-sections, provide a clear entry point into the field and emphasise the diversity of approaches available to students and scholars of circus studies. Classic accounts of performance, including pieces by Philippe Petit and Friedrich Nietzsche, are included alongside more recent scholarship in the field.

Edited by two scholars whose work is strongly connected to the dynamic world of performance, The Routledge Circus Studies Reader is an essential teaching and study resource for the emerging discipline of circus studies. It also provides a stimulating introduction to the field for lovers of circus. [editor summary]
The Routledge Circus Studies Reader offers an absorbing critical introduction to this diverse and emerging field. It brings together the work of over 30 scholars in this discipline, including Janet Davis, Helen Stoddart and Peta Tait, to highlight and address the field’s key historical, critical and theoretical issues. It is organised into three accessible sections, Perspectives, Precedents and Presents, which approach historical aspects, ...


Cote : 791.301 T135r 2016

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LIVRES

Sawdust sisterhood : how circus empowered women

Ward, Steve
Stroud, Angleterre : Fonthill, 2016

Philip Astley first pegged out his circular 'ride' on the banks of the Thames in 1768 and so laid down the foundations of the modern circus. Performing feats of trick riding with his wife Patty Jones, little did he realise that before long women would become a dominant force in the circus. Sawdust Sisterhood explores how the circus empowered women and gave them the opportunity to compete and succeed as performers in their own right in an otherwise masculine world. Drawing upon historical news reports and contemporary interviews, the book explores the lives of female circus performers and focuses upon several of the more well-known artistes from across two centuries of circus, including; Madame Saqui, the renowned French wire-walker of the early nineteenth century; Nellie Chapman, the Victorian 'Lion Queen' of Wombwells's Menagerie and Circus; and Katie Brumbach, otherwise known as Sandwina, perhaps the most famous Strongwoman of the twentieth century. Sawdust Sisterhood acknowledges the role of the female circus performer across the centuries.

As paragons in heir field, these women became rich, famous and powerful despirte the prevailing sexist attitudes of their time. They often had to overcome undue criticism of their work and censure from those who felt their acts were at best inappropritate and at worst immoral. In performing remarkable, often death-defying physical feats, these women subverted the classic ideals of femininity and undoubtedly contributed to the later sexual revolution.

Sawdust sisterhood explores the journeys of these women and their contributions to the advancement of women's rights. Steve Ward, an expert on the circus, draws together various primary sources. newspaper articles, and feministe scholarship to give a full picture of the pivotal role of women in this medium. He also includes interviews with contemporary female performers and over thirty exquisite images. This is a detailed, personal, and deeply moving account of an often overloocked aspect of the struggle for female emancipation. [Editor's summary]
Philip Astley first pegged out his circular 'ride' on the banks of the Thames in 1768 and so laid down the foundations of the modern circus. Performing feats of trick riding with his wife Patty Jones, little did he realise that before long women would become a dominant force in the circus. Sawdust Sisterhood explores how the circus empowered women and gave them the opportunity to compete and succeed as performers in their own right in an ...


Cote : 791.308 2 W2561s 2016

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LIVRES

Women of the american circus, 1880-1940

Adams, Katherine H ; Keene, Michael L
Jefferson : McFarland & Co, 2012

In 1880 to 1940, glory days of American circus, one third to one half of cast members were women. Diaries, autobiographies, newspaper accounts, films, posters, route books, stories told by circus women, recount tableaux, freak shows, girlie shows, tiger acts, and aerial performance, beginning with representations of women as circus performers and moving to performances themselves. [editor summary]


Cote : 791.308 2 A2111w 2012

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LIVRES

Zene & Cirkus = Women & Circus

Kralj, Ivan ; Sizorn, Magali ; Quentin, Anne ; Tait, Peta ; Davis, Janet M ; Carmeli, Yoram S. ; Drasler, Jana ; Kendall, Jessica ; Fratellini, Valérie ; Damkjaer, Camilla ; English, Rose ; Herts, Laura ; Govedic, Natasa
Zagreb : Mala performerska scena, 2011

Un incontournable ouvrage de référence qui apporte une riche reflexion sur le développement du rôle et des influences de la Femme dans les arts du cirque à travers le temps et envers la communauté au sens large. Publié suite à une conférence multidisciplinaire « Zene & Cirkus » qui s’est tenue à Zagreb (Croatie) en novembre 2009, cet ouvrage regroupe les textes des conférences des historiens, spécialistes de théâtre, anthropologues, artistes et journalistes qui ont proposé leur point de vue sur la contribution de la Femme au cirque traditionnel et actuel. De plus, cet ouvrage présente plus de 191 superbes photos issues d’archives publiques et privées.
Un incontournable ouvrage de référence qui apporte une riche reflexion sur le développement du rôle et des influences de la Femme dans les arts du cirque à travers le temps et envers la communauté au sens large. Publié suite à une conférence multidisciplinaire « Zene & Cirkus » qui s’est tenue à Zagreb (Croatie) en novembre 2009, cet ouvrage regroupe les textes des conférences des historiens, spécialistes de théâtre, anthropologues, artistes et ...


Cote : 791.308 2 K894z 2011

  • Ex. 1 — Consultation sur place
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LIVRES

Circus : an investigation into what makes the sawdust fly

Wykes, Alan
Londre : Jupiter Books, 1977


Cote : 791.309 W981c 1977

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MEMOIRES ET THESES

Circus Nomads : space - home - identity

Kreusch, Elena Lydia
Vienne : Universität Wien, 2014

This diploma thesis aims to contribute to the broad discourses of transnationalism, migration and nomadism. It looks at contemporary circus artists* within the European contemporary circus field, the daily mobility realities they experience and the challenges they face. Aiming to draw conclusions about the interconnectedness of mobility and different forms of belonging, the thesis therefore focuses on individual conceptualizations of “space,” “home” and “identity”.
In a first step, the thesis introduces current debates around transnationalism, nomadism and artistic mobility, positioning their relevancy for circus mobility. This thesis draws on post-colonial and queer-feminist concepts of spatiality, home and identity in order to approach circus artists’* mobile realities. In a second step, the thesis gives an introduction to the European contemporary circus field and its infrastructure, before analysing six narrative interviews with circus artists* and deriving different mobility archetypes to better capture the phenomenon of circus mobility.
The thesis assumes a tension between the co-existing sedentary and mobile realities that circus mobiles* encounter and suggests that a conception of home as feeling of belonging, rather than home as place can help the artist* to find stability in flexibility. The thesis furthermore points out mobile artists’* difficulties to form solid relationships and puts a focus on the artist’s* body and the performance as such, as a stable point of reference for identity formation processes.
The findings allow for new perspectives on belonging in the context of spatial instability and contribute to a better understanding of the emotional costs of migration processes in general and artistic mobility in particular. [author summary]
This diploma thesis aims to contribute to the broad discourses of transnationalism, migration and nomadism. It looks at contemporary circus artists* within the European contemporary circus field, the daily mobility realities they experience and the challenges they face. Aiming to draw conclusions about the interconnectedness of mobility and different forms of belonging, the thesis therefore focuses on individual conceptualizations of “space,” ...


Cote : 791.301 K9248c 2014

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MEMOIRES ET THESES

Women who fly : aerialists in modernity (1880-1930)

Gils, Bieke
Vancouver : University of British Columbia, 2013

Around 1900, Charmion (alias Laverie Vallée) introduced a provocative ‘trapeze disrobing act,’ combined with feats of strength to her audiences in vaudeville theaters in New York. She was one of a wave of female aerialists whose performances quite literally ‘flew’ in the face of Victorian values. Trapeze artists in circuses and in vaudeville theaters, as well as stunt flying aviators showcasing their courage and abilities during local fairs or aerial exhibitions from the 1910s on, indeed pushed the boundaries of what was deemed possible in terms of the human body’s physical capacities while challenging traditional notions of gender, race, class, and sexuality through their unconventional performances. In this study I explore three cases of aerialists who navigated both the demands of managers/spectators for spectacular and titillating acts and their personal aspirations within the confines of the increasingly capitalist entertainment industries in the West between 1880 and 1930. Besides Charmion, my study takes shape around the performances of “Barbette” or Vander Clyde who took Parisian theaters by storm with an amalgamation of trapeze artistry and female impersonation in interwar France; and Bessie Coleman, the first African American woman to gain a pilot license and to set up her own flying shows throughout the United States in the 1920s. For each case study I conducted exhaustive archival searches and analysed relevant newspaper articles, magazines, show reviews, photographs and silent film. I draw on Mikhail Bakhtin’s concepts of the carnivalesque and the grotesque, and on Victor Turner’s concept of liminality to illustrate how aerial performances between 1880 and 1930 functioned as sites of creative resistance, opening up possibilities for a rethinking and redefinition of social categories of gender, race, class, and sexuality. I show how the performances of Charmion, Coleman and Barbette simultaneously reflected and challenged the anxieties and optimism of a society forced to revisit traditional beliefs regarding the gendered/racialized/classed/sexualized body. In demonstrating how these performers helped question modernizing beliefs regarding the human body’s capacities, and the female body’s physical abilities and appearance in particular, I argue they suggested new types of embodied agency for both women and men at the time. [editor summary]
Around 1900, Charmion (alias Laverie Vallée) introduced a provocative ‘trapeze disrobing act,’ combined with feats of strength to her audiences in vaudeville theaters in New York. She was one of a wave of female aerialists whose performances quite literally ‘flew’ in the face of Victorian values. Trapeze artists in circuses and in vaudeville theaters, as well as stunt flying aviators showcasing their courage and abilities during local fairs or ...


Cote : 791.340 82 G4895w 2013

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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

Un cirque d'un nouveau genre

Quentin, Anne
juillet 2011

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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

Circus WOW, Women of Wollongong’s community circus: the politics of the site-specific

Hayes, Janys
University of Wollongong, 2009

Circus WOW’s advertising motif is the phrase, ‘Ordinary women doing extraordinary things’. Created by Penny Lowther in 2001, Circus WOW appeared nearly a decade after Australia’s more renowned women’s circuses, such as the Women’s Circus and the Performing Older Women’s Circus in Melbourne and Vulcana in Brisbane. The late formation of Circus WOW in Wollongong coincided with the re-evaluation of the city’s industrial role in Australia’s economy. This paper argues that the success of Circus WOW reflects a reappraisal of place by audiences in a rapidly developing city. The site-specific and festival work of Circus WOW provides the principal means through which the company is recognised by the general public of Wollongong. The presence of site-specific performance events can be used to effect ‘place-making’. Circus WOW’s female performers through interactive relationships with Wollongong environments have realigned perspectives of culturally dormant sites. This paper explores three site-specific Circus WOW productions, to investigate the interaction of this women’s circus troupe with concepts of urban development in Wollongong spaces. Now in its seventh year, Circus WOW’s new director, Cheryle Moore, also director of Frumpus, a Sydney based all-women contemporary theatre company, seeks to strengthen the empowering role of Circus WOW in the cultural identity formation in the city of Wollongong. The enactment of differing possibilities for urban female subjects in a small city opens new spaces of contestation of identity for a wider public. This paper looks at the links between the visibility of outdoor and site-specific physical performance, regional politics and the concept of a ‘missing voice’ in the landscape. This perspective on the performative impact of an all female circus company complements the gender specific cultural niches occupied by women's circus companies established by previous research. [editor summary]
Circus WOW’s advertising motif is the phrase, ‘Ordinary women doing extraordinary things’. Created by Penny Lowther in 2001, Circus WOW appeared nearly a decade after Australia’s more renowned women’s circuses, such as the Women’s Circus and the Performing Older Women’s Circus in Melbourne and Vulcana in Brisbane. The late formation of Circus WOW in Wollongong coincided with the re-evaluation of the city’s industrial role in Australia’s economy. ...

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Sujets

Femmes artistes de cirque [15]

Histoire des arts du cirque - États-Unis [5]

Représentation de la femme dans les arts du cirque [5]

Arts du cirque - Philosophie et théorie [4]

Études sur le genre [4]

Histoire des arts du cirque - 19e siècle [4]

Histoire des arts du cirque - 20e siècle [4]

Représentation du corps circassien [4]

Histoire des arts du cirque [3]

Larue, Adrienne [artiste de cirque] [3]

Ménard, Phia [artiste de cirque] [3]

Mordoj, Jeanne [artiste de cirque] [3]

Relations entre hommes et femmes [3]

Artistes de cirque - Biographies [2]

Artistes de cirque afro-américains [2]

Astley, Philip [écuyer, propriétaire de cirque] [2]

Barnum & Bailey Greatest Show on Earth [spectacle de cirque] [2]

Cie Moglice - Von Verx [compagnie de cirque] [2]

Circus Oz [compagnie de cirque] [2]

Cirque Aïtal [compagnie de cirque] [2]

Cirque contemporain - Philosophie et théorie [2]

Cirque traditionnel [2]

Compagnies de cirque - États-Unis [2]

Emma la clown [2]

Esthétique des arts du cirque [2]

Femmes - Conditions sociales [2]

Femmes - Histoire [2]

Femmes - Identité [2]

Fratellini, Valérie [clown] [2]

Hausermann, Pénélope [artistie de cirque] [2]

Identité culturelle [2]

Laurier, Angela [artiste de cirque] [2]

Mazeppa [2]

Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus [compagnie de cirque] [2]

Stéréotypes de genre [2]

Acrobatie - Histoire [1]

Acrobatie aérienne [1]

Androgynie [1]

Angelina [1]

Archaos [compagnie de cirque] [1]

Art clownesque - Philosophie et théorie [1]

Artiste de cirque - Australie - Biographies [1]

Artistes de cirque - Afrique [1]

Artistes de cirque - Australie [1]

Artistes de cirque - Biographies [1]

Artistes de cirque - Entretiens [1]

Artistes de cirque - États-Unis - Biographies [1]

Artistes de cirque - France [1]

Artistes de cirque dans l'art [1]

Arts du cirque - Europe [1]

Arts du cirque - Finlande [1]

Arts du cirque - Héritage familial [1]

Arts du cirque - Mouvements artistiques [1]

Aura [1]

Bailey, James Anthony [directeur de cirque] [1]

Barbette [artiste de cirque] [1]

Barnum, Phineas Taylor [directeur de cirque] [1]

Benchaïb, Nedjma [1]

Billy Smart Circus [compagnie de cirque] [1]

Blondin, Charles [funambule] [1]

Bonaventure Gacon [artiste de cirque] [1]

Buffalo Bill's Wild West [compagnie équestre] [1]

Butler, Judith [philosophe] [1]

Chapiteau - Aspect économique [1]

Charmion [artiste de cirque] [1]

Circus WOW [organisme de cirque] [1]

Cirque - Époque romaine [1]

Cirque au cinéma [1]

Cirque contemporain [1]

Cirque contemporain [1]

Cirque du Soleil [compagnie de cirque] [1]

Cirque social [1]

Cole Bros. Circus [compagnie de cirque] [1]

Coleman, Bessie [aviatrice] [1]

Compagnie Angela Laurier [compagnie de cirque] [1]

Compagnie Vent d'Autan [1]

Compagnies de cirque - Australie [1]

Compagnies de cirque - France [1]

Contorsion - Histoire [1]

Contorsion - Photographies [1]

Corde lisse [1]

Coup, W.C. [1]

Damkjaer, Camilla [1]

Diffusion culturelle [1]

Diffusion des arts du cirque [1]

Ducrow, Andrew [1]

Espace Cirque d'Antony [1]

Femmes dans la culture populaire [1]

Femmes dans le christianisme [1]

Foires [1]

Forepaugh, Adam [propriétaire de cirque] [1]

Fratellini, Annie [clown] [1]

Giffords Circus [compagnie de cirque] [1]

Hagenbeck - Wallace Circus [compagnie de cirque] [1]

Herts, Laura [artiste de cirque] [1]

Histoire de l'acrobatie aérienne [1]

Histoire de l'art clownesque [1]

Histoire de l'art équestre [1]

Histoire des arts du cirque - 18e siècle [1]

Histoire des arts du cirque - Angleterre [1]

Histoire des arts du cirque - Australie [1]

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