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Articles de périodiques 

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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

Forecasting the social return on investment associated with children’s participation in circus-arts training on their mental health and well-being

McGrath, Richard ; Stevens, Kristen
International Journal of the Sociology of Leisure vol.2 n°1-2, p.163-193, March 2019

The early and middle years of childhood are recognised as being pivotal in ensuring positive cognitive development throughout life, resulting in healthier societies. Healthier societies can mean a reduction in lifestyle related illness and therefore potentially reduce reliance on healthcare resources. The purpose of this study was to forecast the Social Return on Investment (SROI) associated with children’s participation in a circus-arts program on their mental health and well-being. A mixed method approach was adopted for this study. Key stakeholders were children aged between 9 and 14 years. Children were surveyed (n = 23) and participated in focus group (n = 55) interviews, prior to and after, six months of circus-arts training. The questionnaire used was the internationally validated Kidscreen-27. Focus group interviews asked children their beliefs about how circus made them feel and benefits of participating in circus-arts training. Results from the pre/post survey indicated some positive improvements occurred concerning children’s’ self-perceptions of personal health, though not statistically significant. Focus group results indicated positive impacts for children’s mental wellbeing, socialisation skills, physical enjoyment and resilience. The SROI analysis found that for every one dollar invested, $7 of social return may be generated due to participation in a circus-arts program. Improvement occurred across four key areas concerning children’s mental health and well-being; stress relief, self-esteem, confidence and socialisation. Findings from this study indicate the value of investment in the performing arts, highlighting the importance the circus-arts for children’s mental health. Associated impacts to improving children’s self-esteem, confidence along with relieving stress are identified as decreasing the potential costs of treating associated illnesses: such as depression and anxiety. Improvements in socialisation have been linked to costs associated to social dysfunction: such as crime and incarceration. [editor summary]
The early and middle years of childhood are recognised as being pivotal in ensuring positive cognitive development throughout life, resulting in healthier societies. Healthier societies can mean a reduction in lifestyle related illness and therefore potentially reduce reliance on healthcare resources. The purpose of this study was to forecast the Social Return on Investment (SROI) associated with children’s participation in a circus-arts ...

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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

Realising, adapting, and thriving in career transitions from gymnastics to contemporary circus arts

Rens, Fleur van ; Filho, Edson
Journal of clinical sport psychology n° [2019], [34] p., 2019

The purpose of this study was to explore the career transition experiences of elite gymnasts who became professional circus artists. Eight (inter)national level gymnasts who worked as circus artists were interviewed. Using a constructionist approach to thematic data analysis, we identified a three-phase career transition process. High levels of psychological resilience characteristics were required in the first, “realizing” phase (i.e., motivation, hard work, social support, and optimism). The second, “adapting” phase involved balancing context-specific demands which included general stress, a loss of competence, social adjustment, taking calculated risks, and physical recovery. The third, “thriving” phase involved experiences of freedom, personal development, and social connectedness. During the career transition, changes from an athletic to circus artist identity were experienced. Practitioners are encouraged to support the psychological resilience and experiences of autonomy among circus artists during their career transitions. This is expected to facilitate circus artists’ wellbeing, safety, and career longevity. [editor summary]
The purpose of this study was to explore the career transition experiences of elite gymnasts who became professional circus artists. Eight (inter)national level gymnasts who worked as circus artists were interviewed. Using a constructionist approach to thematic data analysis, we identified a three-phase career transition process. High levels of psychological resilience characteristics were required in the first, “realizing” phase (i.e., ...

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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

The impact of circus arts instruction in physical education on the physical literacy of children in grades 4 and 5

Kriellaars, Dean ; Cairney, John ; Bortoleto, Marco Antonio Coelho ; Kiez, Tia K. M. ; Dudley, Dean ; Aubertin, Patrice
Journal of Teaching in Physical Education vol.38 n°2, p.162-170 , 2019

Objective: To examine the impact of circus arts instruction in physical education (PE) on the physical literacy of children in Grades 4 and 5.

Methods: A clustered, quasi-experimental design was used comparing children in schools with circus arts instruction in physical education (n = 101) with children in socioeconomic status-matched schools using standard PE instruction (n = 110). Physical literacy assessments performed at the beginning and end of one semester using the Physical Literacy Assessment for Youth tools.

Results: Significant improvements in motor competence for both groups; endpoint differences favored the circus arts instruction in physical education schools for 15 of 18 movement skills for Grade 5 and 7 of 18 skills for Grade 4 (p < .05), with corresponding increases in children’s confidence and comprehension of movement terminology, as well as active participation. The gap in motor competence between girls and boys in the circus arts instruction in physical education schools was smaller than in standard PE schools.

Conclusions: Circus arts instruction enriched PE can effectively aid in the development of physical literacy in children with greater gender equity. [editor summary]
Objective: To examine the impact of circus arts instruction in physical education (PE) on the physical literacy of children in Grades 4 and 5.

Methods: A clustered, quasi-experimental design was used comparing children in schools with circus arts instruction in physical education (n = 101) with children in socioeconomic status-matched schools using standard PE instruction (n = 110). Physical literacy assessments performed at the beginning and e...


Cote : 372.860 1 K478i 2019

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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

Exploring professional circus artists' experience of performance-related injury and management : a qualitative study

Cayrol, Timothée ; Godfrey, Emma ; Draper-Rodi, Jerry ; Bearne, Lindsay
Medical Problems of Performing Artists vol.34 n°1, p.14-24, 2019

AIMS: Circus is a physically demanding profession, but injury and help-seeking rates tend to be low. This qualitative interview study explored the perceptions and beliefs about injury and help-seeking of circus artists.

METHODS:Ten professional circus artists (5 males, 5 females; mean age 33 yrs, range 27-42) were enrolled. Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted until data saturation of themes was reached. Data were analysed thematically.

FINDINGS: Four themes were identified: 1) the injured artist; 2) professionalism; 3) circus life; and 4) artists' experience of healthcare. Most participants described the circus as central to their lives, and injuries had wide-ranging psychosocial consequences. Injury adversely affected participants' mood and threatened their identity. Situational and personal factors (e.g., the belief that pain was normal) pushed participants to use adaptive strategies to perform when injured. Continuous touring and financial constraints affected help-seeking. Easy access to healthcare was rare and participants often self-managed injuries. Experiences of healthcare varied, and participants desired flexible and accessible approaches to prevention and injury management. A modified version of the integrated model of psychological response to injury and rehabilitation process and the concept of identity provided a framework to understand participants.

CONCLUSION: Injuries had extensive negative consequences. Work schedules, financial factors, employer support, the artist's perception of the importance of the show, and the relationship between circus and identity influenced injury management and help-seeking. Injury prevention and management strategies could be optimised by developing centres of expertise, online resources, and better regulations of the profession.
AIMS: Circus is a physically demanding profession, but injury and help-seeking rates tend to be low. This qualitative interview study explored the perceptions and beliefs about injury and help-seeking of circus artists.

METHODS:Ten professional circus artists (5 males, 5 females; mean age 33 yrs, range 27-42) were enrolled. Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted until data saturation of themes was reached. Data were analysed ...

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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

Contralateral muscle imbalances and physiological profile of recreational aerial athletes

Ruggieri, Rachel M. ; Costa, Pablo B.
Journal of Functional Morphology and Kinesiology vol.4 n°3, 9 p., 2019

Background: Aerial fitness is quickly gaining popularity; however, little is known regarding the physiological demands of aerial athletes. The purpose of the study was to examine contralateral muscle imbalances, compare dominant versus non-dominant hamstrings-to-quadriceps (H:Q) ratios, and to establish a physiological profile of recreational aerial athletes.
Methods: Thirteen aerialist women visited a local aerial studio to participate in a data collection session to examine isometric levels of upper and lower body strength, muscle endurance, flexibility, balance, and cardiovascular fitness.
Results: No significant differences were found between dominant and non-dominant hand grip strength (p = 0.077), dominant and non-dominant isometric knee flexion (p = 0.483), dominant and non-dominant isometric knee extension (p = 0.152), or dominant and non-dominant isometric H:Q ratios (p = 0.102). In addition, no significant difference was found between isometric dominant H:Q ratio and the widely-used value of 0.60 (p = 0.139). However, isometric non-dominant H:Q ratio was significantly lower than the 0.60 criterion (p = 0.004). Aerial athletes demonstrated to have excellent flexibility, balance, cardiorespiratory fitness, and average strength.
Conclusions: Aerial fitness may be another recreational activity that could be used to maintain higher levels of flexibility, balance, cardiorespiratory fitness, and strength. Aerialists may want to consider focusing on strengthening the lower body and balancing the hamstrings and quadriceps muscle strength. [editor summary]
Background: Aerial fitness is quickly gaining popularity; however, little is known regarding the physiological demands of aerial athletes. The purpose of the study was to examine contralateral muscle imbalances, compare dominant versus non-dominant hamstrings-to-quadriceps (H:Q) ratios, and to establish a physiological profile of recreational aerial athletes.
Methods: Thirteen aerialist women visited a local aerial studio to participate in a ...

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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

Don't take down the monkey bars : rapid systematic review of playground-related injuries

Bergeron, Nicolas ; Bergeron, Catherine ; Lapointe, Luc ; Kriellaars, Dean ; Aubertin, Patrice ; Tanenbaum, Brandy ; Fleet, Richard
Canadian Family Physician vol.65 n°3, p.e121-e128, 2019

Objective To synthesize the available evidence on playground-related injuries
and to determine the prevalence of these injuries in pediatric populations.

Data sources A rapid systematic review was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE,
and the Cochrane Library, as well as the gray literature.

Study selection The search was limited to studies published between 2012 and
2016 and identified a total of 858 articles, of which 22 met our inclusion criteria:
original quantitative studies published in peer-reviewed journals in the past 5 years,
concerning unintentional injuries in playgrounds in children aged 0 to 18 years.

Synthesis Information was collected on study and injury characteristics,
and the proportion of pediatric injuries related to playground activity was
determined. Studies were performed in various countries and most were
retrospective cohort studies. The prevalence of playground-related injury
ranged from 2% to 34% (median 10%). Studies varied in the types of injuries
investigated, including head injuries, genitourinary injuries, ocular and dental
trauma, and various types of fractures. Most injuries were low severity.

Conclusion Although playgrounds are a common location where pediatric
injuries occur, these injuries are relatively low in frequency and severity. [editor summary]
Objective To synthesize the available evidence on playground-related injuries
and to determine the prevalence of these injuries in pediatric populations.

Data sources A rapid systematic review was conducted using PubMed, EMBASE,
and the Cochrane Library, as well as the gray literature.

Study selection The search was limited to studies published between 2012 and
2016 and identified a total of 858 articles, of which 22 met our inclusion ...

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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

Celebrating 250 years of circus

Toulmin, Vanessa
Early Popular Visual Culture vol.16 n°3, p.231-234, 2019

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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

Arts-based knowledge translation in aerial silk to promote epilepsy awareness

Spagnol, Gabriela Salim ; Tagami, Carolinne Yuri ; de Siqueirad, Gabriela Bagattini ; Li, Li Min
Epilepsy & Behavior vol.93, p.60-64, 2019

Arts-based knowledge translation (ABKT) strategies represent an innovative approach to disseminate results of qualitative studies, especially to tackle social issues, such as stigma and prejudice, due to knowledge gaps. Epilepsy affects 1% of the world population and brings a strong psychosocial impact to the patient, family members, and caregivers. People with epilepsy have difficulties to establish social relationships due to stigma.
This study narrate the construction of an aerial and contemporary dance based on the results of a qualitative study with patients with epilepsy, their families, and health professionals, called “‘Dialogue with Emotions’ to overcome barriers and to improve quality of life in epilepsy”. Under the ABKT classification, this study is defined as a strategy of subjective key messages, which are presented as active performances (contemporary dance and aerial acrobacies). [editor summary]
Arts-based knowledge translation (ABKT) strategies represent an innovative approach to disseminate results of qualitative studies, especially to tackle social issues, such as stigma and prejudice, due to knowledge gaps. Epilepsy affects 1% of the world population and brings a strong psychosocial impact to the patient, family members, and caregivers. People with epilepsy have difficulties to establish social relationships due to stigma.
This ...

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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

Beyond Vice & Vertu : gender, performance body, and precarious labor at 375e de Montréal

Zhang, Tracy Ying
Feminist Media Studies vol.19 n°2, p.291-293, 2019

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ARTICLES DE PERIODIQUES

On the act of giving, receiving and rendering : piloting the use of YouTube videos to develop a contextually inspired portrait of social circus trainers

Hannes, Karin
Learning, Culture and Social Interaction vol.19, p.96-108, December 2018

Social circus interventions targeting vulnerable populations are often perceived as catalysts for change. In recent years, more attention is given to the role of trainers involved in social circus. Several studies have profiled them based on the set of competences they should master to achieve predefined outcomes in participants. We challenge the very act of profiling, arguing that the way trainers and participants connect can best be understood through observing the way they put themselves at disposal. We conducted a pilot study in which we observed a sample of 15 YouTube videos to develop an initial portrait of these trainers, meant to inform a real life observational study. From the analysis of the videos three core dimensions of interest were revealed: the trainers role in social circus activities, the actions undertaken to build meaningful relationships and the reciprocal nature of the bonding process. Rather than presenting trainers as the gifted ones, who put a set of competences to work in a social circus setting, we position them as people who are guiding and are guided themselves. We argue that this mutual learning process is a necessary condition for establishing a meaningful relationship with social circus participants and to stimulate growth. [editor summary]
Social circus interventions targeting vulnerable populations are often perceived as catalysts for change. In recent years, more attention is given to the role of trainers involved in social circus. Several studies have profiled them based on the set of competences they should master to achieve predefined outcomes in participants. We challenge the very act of profiling, arguing that the way trainers and participants connect can best be understood ...

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Type
Sujets

Arts du cirque - Philosophie et théorie [16]

Arts du cirque - Critiques et interprétations [14]

Cirque du Soleil [compagnie de cirque] [12]

Arts du cirque - Accidents et blessures [9]

Jonglerie - Aspect physiologique [9]

Compagnies de cirque - Québec (Province) [8]

Esthétique des arts du cirque [8]

Apprentissage moteur [7]

Arts du cirque - Processus de création [7]

Cirque du Soleil [compagnie de cirque] [7]

Jonglerie - Recherche [7]

Arts du cirque - Étude et enseignement [6]

Études sur le genre [6]

Médecine du sport [6]

Représentation du corps circassien [6]

Spectacles de cirque - Critiques et interprétations [6]

Art clownesque - Emploi en thérapeutique [5]

Arts du cirque dans la littérature [5]

Arts du cirque et théâtre [5]

Bénéfices des arts du cirque chez les jeunes [5]

Éducation physique et sportive [5]

Histoire des arts du cirque - Québec (Province) [5]

Acrobatie aérienne - Philosophie et théorie [4]

Arts du cirque - Emploi en thérapeutique [4]

Chicago Contemporary Circus Festival [festival de cirque] [4]

Cirque du Monde [organisme de cirque] [4]

Cirque récréatif - Étude et enseignement [4]

Enfants - Développement [4]

Histoire des arts du cirque - Australie [4]

Histoire des arts du cirque - États-Unis [4]

Histoire du cirque [4]

Jonglerie - Étude et enseignement [4]

Nouveau cirque [4]

Organismes de cirque social - Études de cas [4]

Aptitudes cognitives [3]

Artistes de cirque - Entretiens [3]

Arts du cirque [3]

Arts du cirque - Australie [3]

Arts du cirque - Brésil [3]

Arts du cirque - Prise de risque [3]

Arts du cirque - Québec (Province) [3]

Bénéfices des arts du cirque chez l'enfant [3]

Cirque contemporain [3]

Cirque contemporain - Philosophie et théorie [3]

Cirque récréatif - Philosophie et théorie [3]

Cirque social [3]

Cirque traditionnel [3]

Compagnies de cirque - Québec (Province) [3]

Dramaturgie [3]

Éducation physique pour enfants handicapés [3]

Enfants handicapés mentaux - Éducation [3]

Enseignement - Pratique - Études de cas [3]

Entraînement (Sports) - Études de cas [3]

Estime de soi chez les jeunes [3]

Féminité [3]

Langage du corps [3]

Las Vegas (Nev.) [3]

Lepage, Robert [metteur en scène] [3]

Médecine du cirque [3]

Mise en piste [3]

Montreal Working Group on Cirque/Circus [organisme de cirque] [3]

Musique et cirque [3]

Nouveau cirque [3]

Sports - Philosophie et théorie [3]

Zumanity [spectacle de cirque] [3]

Acrobatie - Philosophie et théorie [2]

Activités physiques artistiques (APA) [2]

Ali [spectacle de cirque] [2]

Animaux de cirque [2]

Archaos [compagnie de cirque] [2]

Art clownesque - Emploi en thérapeutique - Italie [2]

Art clownesque - Philosophie et théorie [2]

Artistes de cirque - Aspect physiologique [2]

Arts du cirque - Aspect économie [2]

Arts du cirque - Aspect éducatif [2]

Arts du cirque - Canada [2]

Arts du cirque - France [2]

Arts du cirque et danse [2]

Arts du cirque et société [2]

Bénéfices des arts du cirque chez les adolescents [2]

Big Apple Circus [compagnie de cirque] [2]

Bolze, Mathurin [metteur en piste] [2]

Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Saint-Justine [organisme] [2]

Circus Oz [compagnie de cirque] [2]

Cirque adapté [2]

Cirque contemporain - France [2]

Cirque éducatif [compagnie de cirque] [2]

Cirque récréatif pour enfants handicapés mentaux [2]

Cirque récréatif pour enfants handicapés physique [2]

Cirque social - Irlande [2]

Clowns - Aspect psychologique [2]

Compagnies de cirque - France [2]

Corporéité [2]

Créativité - Philosophie et théorie [2]

Danse - Philosophie et théorie [2]

Danse aérienne [2]

Dramaturgie circassienne [2]

École nationale de cirque [2]

École nationale de cirque (Montréal, Québec) [2]

Écoles de cirque - Brésil [2]

Écriture scénique [2]

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Auteurs

Tait, Peta [11]

Leroux, Louis Patrick [10]

Bortoleto, Marco Antonio Coelho [8]

Salaméro, Émilie [8]

Shrier, Ian [8]

Aubertin, Patrice [6]

Baston, Kim [6]

Lavers, Katie [6]

Steele, Russell J. [5]

Arrighi, Gillian [4]

Batson, Charles R. [4]

Beadle, Ron [4]

Carmeli, Yoram S. [4]

Cordier, Marine [4]

Fleet, Richard [4]

Garcia, Marie Carmen [4]

Jacob, Pascal [4]

Meeuwisse, Willem H. [4]

Sizorn, Magali [4]

Beek, Peter J. [3]

Burtt, Jon [3]

Cruz, Carlos Alexis [3]

Farrell, Rosemary [3]

Filho, Edson [3]

Fricker, Karen [3]

Goudard, Philippe [3]

Hotier, Hugues [3]

Ontañon Barragan, Teresa [3]

Toulmin, Vanessa [3]

Yassi, Annalee [3]

Adé, David [2]

Alcántara, Antonio [2]

Bal, Baljinder S. [2]

Bessone, Ilaria [2]

Bochud, Emmanuel [2]

Boudon, Richard V. [2]

Boudreault, Julie [2]

Burgess, Hovey [2]

Burnstein, Bryan [2]

Chanonat, Michelle [2]

Charlet, Émilie [2]

Christenson, Gary A. [2]

Cogérino, Geneviève [2]

Cossin, Marion [2]

Coulon, Aurélie [2]

Cozzi, Enzo [2]

Daffertshofer, Andreas [2]

Del Bosque, Andrés [2]

Dionigi, Alberto [2]

Drouin, Mélodie-Anne [2]

Dumont, Agathe [2]

Duprat, Rodrigo [2]

Emery, Carolyn [2]

Fancy, David [2]

Favreau, Gil [2]

Forrest, Jennifer [2]

Fournier, Cynthia [2]

Fraser, Sarah [2]

Funk, Alisan [2]

Garel, Patricia [2]

Gomez Cruz, Roy [2]

Gosselin, Frederick [2]

Guyez, Marion [2]

Hamilton, Gavin [2]

Haschar-Noé, Nadine [2]

Huys, Raoul [2]

Infantino, Julieta [2]

Kriellaars, Dean [2]

Lantz, Élise [2]

Lefèvre, Betty [2]

Lemaire, Andréanne [2]

Leslie, Deborah [2]

Levitan, Emily B. [2]

Little, Kenneth [2]

Malouin, Hayley [2]

Marcoux, Jérémie [2]

Marcuse, Judith [2]

Matheson, Gordon O. [2]

McGrath, Richard [2]

Miranda, Rita de Cassia Fernandes [2]

Mittleman, Murray A. [2]

Myard, Alexandre [2]

Oliveira, Josiane Silva de [2]

Ostern, Anna-Lena [2]

Perrot, Alexandra [2]

Pilati, Thomas [2]

Platt, Tracey [2]

Poisson-de Haro, Serge [2]

Powell, Janette W. [2]

Rantisi, Norma M. [2]

Ross, Annie [2]

Ruch, Willibald [2]

Sahli, Sonia [2]

Salinas, Maximiliano [2]

Schiavone, Giulia [2]

Seymour, Kristy Danialle [2]

Simon, Laurent [2]

Spiegel, Jennifer Beth [2]

St-Leon, Mark [2]

Stambler, Benita [2]

Stevens, Kristen [2]

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Date de publication

2019 [9]

2018 [74]

2017 [47]

2016 [40]

2015 [6]

2014 [74]

2013 [32]

2012 [45]

2011 [21]

2010 [1]

2009 [22]

2008 [28]

2007 [15]

2006 [11]

2005 [4]

2004 [12]

2003 [6]

2002 [9]

2001 [16]

2000 [3]

1999 [7]

1998 [1]

1997 [1]

1996 [3]

1995 [1]

1994 [5]

1993 [1]

1992 [3]

1991 [4]

1989 [2]

1988 [4]

1987 [1]

1984 [2]

1981 [1]

1980 [3]

1978 [1]

1974 [1]

1973 [1]

1972 [2]

1933 [1]

(sans) [5]

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Langue

Z